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    The Ideal Horses for Races – Close Look into the Science of Breeders Cup Winner

    There are some races, which may stop the nation for a while, and Breeders Cup is one among those most exciting sporting events. It is something, so adrenaline rushing for the enthusiasts, but for those who are a bit more serious about it, there is a need for better preparation. If you are a newbie to this sport or a pro who wants to understand the nuances of the day's race specifically, here, we will discuss science behind preparing horses for the race courses.


    Anatomy and physiology

    Thoroughbred racehorses used for short-distance races do have a peculiar anatomy which enables them to perform well during races at high speeds. There are only very few 3000+ miles thoroughbred races in North America, and the ones who make into the grand final of the Breeders Cup are top-class equine athletes.

    The finalist horses will surely have superior capacity in oxygen transportation and a fair mix of muscle fibers. All these make them capable of galloping at high speed. Above all these, winning a day's race purely depends on how the horse's mood for the particular day is, its behavior, insightful approach of the jockey, and of course good luck.

    A heart to win

    Phar Lap is an Australian legend in horse racing, which one many races of the time. Its heart is still displayed at National Museum of Australia. The specialty of Phar Lap's heart is that it is massive with a more substantial capacity and so the ability to pump more significant volumes of blood into the muscles.

    For the breeders cup winner horses contesting in the finals, the heart of them may raise up to 220-230 bpm, each of these beats pumps nearly 1.4 liters of blood (stroke volume) to different parts of the body. To put it in inferable stats, about 300 liters of blood gets pumps to the muscles and tissues of each horse during every minute of Breeders Cup Horse Race.


    Blood getting pumped this way also has a tremendously high hemoglobin concentration of, which is the oxygen-holding component of blood. This is a much higher rate than that of the top-rated human athletes. An elite racing horse may consume about 250 L oxygen during a typical race. To be more precise, the finalist horses may consume oxygen at a rate of approximately 180 ml per each minute against one kilogram of body weight from the second minute of the race onwards.

    So, better results can be naturally expected from the horses which have the highest rate of oxygen consumption. The aerobic capacity comes next as at many stages of the race; the horses need to make short sprints too.

    Muscle fibers

    The top-rated thoroughbred horses are found to have a higher proportion of FOG (fast twitch oxidative muscle fibers), which are ideally causing fastest contractions, fatigue resistance, and oxygen metabolism. On the other hand, SO (slow twitch fiber) are ideal for long-distance endurance races for over 50 km, etc. Having a greater density of FOG will ensure greater speed over sprint distances ranging from 400 to 1000 meters.

    Knowing the horses physiologically and psychologically will surely give you an advantage regarding making a more precise and stat-backed assumption about the winner horses on preparing to witness a grand racing event like Breeders Cup.

    Mandy Bular is a freelance content writer. She has written many good and informative articles on different categories such as technology, health, fashion, education, career, travel etc. She is a featured author at various authoritative blogs in the health and fitness industry and currently associated as a blogger with https://www.tvg.com/

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